Bulldog: Mrs. and Mr. Thorpe, maybe the Best Bulldog Breeders of EverI nipoti di Bulldog Tuffnuts Snow AngelBulldog Tuffnuts StrikerRobin Hood Bulldog inglese, anno 1996, Mister Les Thorpe, il Presidente del British Bulldog Club, Allevamento Tuffnuts, con il campione Bulldog Tuffnuts Striker, il nonno di Bulldog Snow Angel StrikerBulldog Lord Byron e Bulldog Tully Bulldog Tully e Bulldog Robin Hood

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Evaluation of the presence of selected viral and bacterial nucleic acids in pericardial samples from dogs with or without idiopathic pericardial effusion.

Many viruses have been identified in pericardial fluid and in tissue samples from humans with pericarditis by means of molecular diagnostics. In canine idiopathic pericardial effusion there is as yet no conclusive evidence to support the involvement of an infectious agent. This study was designed to investigate a possible relationship between idiopathic pericardial effusion in dogs and viruses most commonly encountered in humans affected with viral pericarditis. Coxsackievirus B3 RNA, influenza virus type A RNA, human adenovirus type 2 DNA, human cytomegalovirus DNA, and parvovirus B19 DNA were investigated using PCR on pericardial effusion samples and pericardial tissue specimens collected from 14 dogs with idiopathic pericardial effusion. PCR was also used to test for two bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi and Chlamydia pneumoniae. The same microorganisms were also looked for in pericardial effusions or pericardial washes from 10 dogs with neoplastic pericardial effusion, and in samples collected from 10 dogs which died of a non-cardiac disease. One pericardial effusion sample from a dog with the idiopathic form of the disease tested positive for influenza virus type A and sequencing of the amplicon confirmed the PCR result. In another dog from the same group a cytomegalovirus was detected by PCR in the effusion, but sequencing showed this to be a false-positive result. The genomes of the microorganisms investigated were not detected in neoplastic effusions or pericardial washes. The results indicate that viral and bacterial DNA/RNA of relevance for human pericarditis is rare in pericardial samples from dogs with idiopathic pericardial effusion. The finding of influenza type A viral RNA in pericardial fluid from one dog with the idiopathic form of the disease warrants further investigation.

Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstr 260, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland.

Zini E, Glaus TM, Bussadori C, Borgarelli M, Santilli RA, Tarducci A, Margiocco ML, Rampazzo A, Meli ML, Maisch B, Pankuweit S.

Pure Breed Bulldog

The Original Bulldog Club ->> The Bulldog Club of Milan ->>To promote and encourage the Breeding of Pure Bulldogs in all of the World, but more especially In the provinces of England, to Ireland, and in Scotland, in Italy, in Lombardy and in Milan.

Honorary President, Ever and Forever, Mrs. D.N. and Mr. Les Thorpe. Bulldog Club, creato per celebrare la incredibile nascita proprio a Milano, per merito esclusivo di Tuffnuts Bulldogs, in collaborazione con il The Bulldog International Research Center e con Ocobo Show Bulldogs, di quelli che, secondo i più profondi studi mondialmente dimostrabili, risulterebbero essere i più diretti discendenti e, quindi, i legittimi eredi di Rosa, il capostipite della Razza Bulldog, con genealogia integralmente inglese, Lincolnshire, Tuffnuts Ocobo. Il Club si è formato, infatti, nel Dicembre 2004 alla nascita di Tuffnuts Snow Angel Tuffnuts, dedicata al Maggiore L.A. Jackson ed a Dr. Les Cotton, il secondo Original Pure Breed Bulldog, nato a Milano ed in Italia dopo Tully, nato nel 2000, sempre nell ' Allevamento Tuffnuts Snow Angel. Per supportare la razza e tutti coloro che possiedono un Bulldog Inglese. Cucciolate disponibli, affidamento bulldogs, problemi di salute, riproduttori disponibili, etc..Il primo Club che si pone l'obiettivo di selezionare ed allevare anche il Bulldog Originale di Razza Pura, come era fino all' inizio del 20° secolo, con una genealogia completamente inglese, discendente dai più famosi Campioni della Storia.

English Bulldog

The bulldog is a relatively small but stocky breed, with a compact body and short, sturdy limbs. Its shape results in a waddle-like gait. Bulldogs are known for their short muzzles and the saggy skin on their faces, creating the apparent "frown" that has become a trademark of the breed. Bulldogs come in a variety of colors and ideally have a smooth, short coat. The size for a mature male is about 50 pounds (25 kg); that for mature females is about 40 pounds (23.7 kg).

American Bulldog

The American Bulldog is a breed of working dog developed for catching livestock and for protecting property. Though larger in size, they are the closest surviving relative of the Old English Bulldog because they were not altered to as great an extent while in Colonial America as their European cousins. There are generally considered to be two types of American Bulldog, the Johnson type and the Scott type( APBT cross ), named after the breeders who were influential in developing them, John D. Johnson and Allen Scott. These are more commonly known as Classic or Bully type and Standard or Performance type.

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- Lifelong diet restriction and radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis of the hip joint in dogs

- Changes of hip joint congruity after triple pelvic osteotomy in the dog with hip dysplasia.

- Multiple oral dosing of ketoconazole increases dog exposure to ivermectin