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American Pit Bull Terrier

Bulldog Inglese

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier is a medium-sized dog. It has a short coat and smooth, well-defined muscle structure. Its eyes are round to almond shaped, and its ears are small to medium in length and can be natural or cropped. Females tend to have longer bodies than males, while males have slightly bigger limbs. The tail is thick and tapers to a point. The coat is glossy, smooth, short, and slightly coarse and can be any color. The APBT is a breed that is loyal to friends and family, and friendly to strangers. Proper training can make the dog obedient and have a high desire to please. Without proper guidance, though, the breed can become stubborn, and at times, aggressive. A study done by the CDC showed that "pit bull" breeds accounted for the majority of dog related fatalities in the United States between 1979 and 1996, though the study admits some limitations in its data.[4] The American Temperament Testing Society shows a pass percentage of 84.3% for American Pit Bull Terrier.[5] Still, a firm, even hand and early obedience training are best. They generally have a lot of energy and high prey drive; they need exercise and stimulation in order to channel their energy properly and not become frustrated, bored, and destructive. American Pit Bull Terriers have historically been and are still used for dog fighting. Although dog fighting is illegal in the United States and many other countries, it is still practiced, and is usually accompanied by gambling. In the United States, participating in dog fighting is a felony in 49 states, and United States federal law prohibits interstate transport of dogs for fighting purposes.[11] Due to the history of dog fighting seizures and fatal maulings, APBTs can often end up in the care of animal control services. Since they are perceived as dangerous, pit bulls are often euthanized. Attempts to euthanize solely based on breed have been banned by U.S. law.[12] In the United Kingdom, the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 prohibits the sale or breeding of "any dog of the type known as pit bull terrier." Some jurisdictions in the Australian states of Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria, and in the United States, have similar breed-specific legislation, varying from a total ban on ownership to muzzling in public. Similarly, in Ontario, Canada, the ownership of APBTs has been banned in the Dog Owners' Liability Act. As of August 29, 2005, the "owning, breeding, transferring, importing or abandoning" of APBTs is illegal in Ontario, Canada, given that it was found that the APBT breed "poses a danger to the public."[13] Beginning in 1993, after three serious incidents, it was forbidden in The Netherlands to breed pit bulls or pit bull-like dogs. Pit bulls and pit bull-like dogs without a FCI pedigree could be impounded by authorities and put to sleep. However, in June 2008, the Dutch government said it would lift the breed specific ban on pit bulls because of its ineffectiveness at reducing bite incidents.[14] It is illegal in Miami-Dade County, Florida to own or keep Pit Bull Dogs, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers, or any other dog that substantially conforms to any of these breeds’ characteristics.

During the nineteenth century, dog fanciers in England, Ireland, and Scotland began to experiment with crosses between bulldogs and terriers, looking for a dog that combined the gameness of the terrier with the strength and athleticism of the bulldog.[1] In the late 1800s to early 1900s, two clubs were formed for the specific purpose of registering APBTs: the United Kennel Club and the American Dog Breeder's Association. The United Kennel Club was founded with the registration of an American Pit Bull Terrier and was the first registry to recognize the breed. The dog was bred first to bait bulls and for dog fighting.[2] When baiting bulls was deemed inhumane, dogfighting became more popular, and the APBT was used in the sport. With time, the dogs became more commonly used as house pets due to their friendliness towards people, but also as a way of protecting homes against crime.[3] The dog was used during World War I and World War II as a way of delivering messages on the battlefield.[3] A resurgence in dog fighting in recent years has caused an increase in pit bull terrier breeding. The name "Staffordshire Terrier" was adopted by some owners as a way of distancing the breed from a name with a stigma, and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1936. Later, the word "American" was added to reduce confusion with its smaller British cousin, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Once an extremely popular family dog in the United States (for example, the dog in The Little Rascals movies and in Buster Brown was an APBT), the American Pit Bull Terrier's popularity began to decline in the United States following World War II in favor of other breeds.

Bulldog Campeiro

Chiamato anche Bulldog Brasiliano sembrerebbe discendere dal Bulldog Inglese importato in Brasile del quale dovrebbe mantenere molte caratterisitiche morfologiche e comportamentali, altezza intorno ai 50 cm. e peso sui 40 kg.

Official Standard BRAZILIAN CANINE ORGANIZATION (CBKC) Official Standard of the Breed CAMPEIRO BULLDOG Classification on CBKC: Group 11 - Breeds not recognized by FCI Standard CBKC NR 8 Country of Origin: Brazil Original Name: Campeiro Bulldog Utilization: Shepherd and guard Working Evaluation: Not regulated Sergio Meira Lopes de Castro - President of CBKC Paulo José Ramos de Azevedo - President of Canine Council Colaborator: Ralf Schein Bender. BRIEF HISTORY OF CAMPEIRO BULLDOG : Campeiro Bulldog has its origin on Bulldogs brought to Brazil by European Immigrants since the 16th Century. As cattle raising have for long been very active in the southern Brazil, bulldogs were frequently used to capture "wild" cattle extensively raised in the hostile field environment nearby native forests. These dogs participated in long journeys to capture lost cattle but were mainly maintained in slaughterhouses where they were especially useful for holding furious bulls whenever necessary. Working Bulldogs had an almost natural selection, as those very low-sized animals had disadvantages when traveling long distances and when immobilizing bulls by pulling and holding them. On the other hand, those excessively tall bulldogs resulting from crossing with other breeds used to loose catching instinct and precision of movements becoming especially vulnerable to horn and backward kick. How should be the desirable dog? Body should be strong with a very wide head and powerful jaw. Snout should be wide and strong but not so short as in Modern English Bulldog nor so long as in Bullmastiff in order to enable it to bite and hold bulls independently of its weight. The dog should have calm and watching temperament with an accentuated warrior spirit and loyalty. This temperament should be so obstinate to overcome limits and so controlled that always maintain obedience to commands from the shepherd. Thus, CAMPEIRO BULLDOG was born "naturally selected in the drudgery". GENERAL APPEARANCE: Dog with a powerful and strong physical constitution indicating strength and agility. UTILIZATION: they were used to capture "wild" cattle during long journeys and/or holding them when necessary in slaughterhouses. They are very versatile dogs having aptness to guard and combat very well balanced. They are dogs selected in the field controlling bulls and protecting the propriety of the farmer against any intruder. Furthermore, they act as shepherd dogs as well as bull controllers throwing and holding any escaping cattle. They use to live together in packs of hounds respecting the wish of their owners. TEMPERAMENT: This extremely courageous dog is very loyal to the owner and docile with the rest of the family. Very versatile and well adapted dog, is calm (do not bark a lot), reserved with strangers and jealous with the master. It is companion, vigilant and confident with a well developed warrior spirit. They love children and accept integrally commands being submissive and loyal to its master. HEAD: large and broad with strong jaw. Skull: very broad and high. Muzzle: broad and short with approximately 1/3 of the skull length. Not as short as in Modern English Bulldog nor as long as in Bullmastiff. Ears: small to medium, rose or button ears set high and wide. EYES: almond-shaped to round as darker as possible. LIPS: the chops or "flews" should be semi-pendulous with well-rounded cheeks. JAWS AND BITE: the lower jaw turned up and protruding (it should project considerably in front of the upper jaw). Very strong bite. NECK: very strong (muscular) and of moderated size. FOREQUARTERS :Shoulders: very broad, muscular and slightly sloping. The forelegs should be stout, well boned and straight. Font feet may be straight or slightly out-turned. HINDQUARTERS: broad and muscular with well developed second thigh denoting strength and power. Hocks should be slightly bent (rear legs neither pigeon-toed or cow hocked). BODY: back moderately short with a light rise from the shoulders to the rump. Chest: wide and deep with well rounded rips. TAIL: normally Campeiro Bulldog already born with a shorter (not reaching beyond the hocks) and crooked tail. In cases of long straight tails docked is recommended. COAT: smooth flat and medium texture. Short coat. All colors are allowed. Dominance of fawn (all variations) and brindle (red, gray or black), as solid or with white. Completely white dogs have been occasionaly born (although not desirable for an outside working dog exposed to intense sun rays). Full black dog have not been recorded. SIZE: ideal height at the top of the shoulders (withers) between 48 and 58 cm (18.9 and 22.8 inches) and ideal weight for males and females between 35 and 45 kg (77,2 and 99,2 lb). FAULTS: any deviation on the terms of this standard should be considered as fault and penalized according to its gravity. OBSERVATIONS: Campeiro Bulldog is an extremely rustic dog, free from health problems commonly present in Modern English Bulldog as they are breeds skilled for distinct functions. While Modern English Bulldog is a company dog ideal for apartments and with a marvelous appearance, Campeiro Bulldog is a dog ideal for work and guard. NOTE: male dogs should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

1 - Old English Bulldog Old Bulldog of Great Britain, or "Old Times Bulldog", a working dog for catching livestock and protecting proprieties, became already extinct in the early 19th Century. Qualities such as functionality, rusticity and agility made this breed very attractive and admired worldwide. Such characteristics, not present anymore in Modern English Bulldog, are the main ingredients for several attempts to "rescue" this old molosser by Europeans and North Americans. Olde English Bulldogge, Australian Bulldog, American Bulldog, Olde Victorian Bulldogge, Original English Bulldogge, Alapaha Blueblood Bulldog, among others, are examples of these tentative to rebirth the Old English Bulldog. In such cases, or desirable characteristics had been "re-created" due to breeding programs involving modern breeds that carry the blood of Old Bulldog of Great Britain (which is the case of "Olde English Bulldogge", for instance) or some specific and desirable features such as larger size and better health have been incorporated to the modern bulldog by additional breeding (as the example of Australian Bulldog) The main distinction between Campeiro Bulldog and these attempts to re-birth the Old Times Bulldog refers to the presence of the original "genetic seed" still virtually "untouched" on those bulldogs encountered in the mountains from the south Brazil by Mr. Ralf Bender. These rescued bulldogs were selected and submitted to an intensive and responsible breeding program in order to maintain those original bulldog features from their ancestors still alive. This includes not only external morphological characteristics but also temperament and physical aptness to control bulls through long journeys in the field. Kennel Molosso di Jerivà - Site da raça BULDOGUE CAMPEIRO, resgate do antigo buldogue inglês - cão de guarda e trabalho (lida com gado). Canil Molosso di Jerivá, especializado na criação e desenvolvimento desta nova raça brasileira reconhecida pela CBKC, possui plantel selecionado e ninhadas frequentes.

2 - Kennel Caodominio - Agora reformulado oferecemos aos adoradores do Buldogue Campeiro O Site Oficial da Raça. Trazendo informações e notícias, este novo portal tem o intuito de oferecer aos criadores e amantes do BC novidades sobre o berço da raça no Rio Grande do Sul, com as linhagens mais puras e originais, o ponto de partida para todos criadores. O Buldogue Campeiro é o resultado de anos de sacrifício e dedicação ao resgate de uma raça. O Canil Cãodominio- Berço da Raça - Agradece a todos criadores, especialistas. veterinários el oucos por Buldogues, que ao longo dos anos nos ajudaram. E convocamos o apoio de quem estiver disposto a contribuir com o site, mandando artigos, notícias, eventos, novos criadores, canís, enfim tudo sobre o Buldogue Campeiro. Damos as Boas Vindas a todos.

Razze Bulldog

Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog


Is a very rare breed, similar to the American Bulldog there are about 120 Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs worldwide, developed in the Alapaha River region of southern Georgia by the Lane family of Rebecca, to preserve the "plantation dog" from extinction. The Lane's breeding program started in the late 1800s. The Alapaha would be a descendent of the original Bulldogs that came to the U.S.A. in the 1700s. The American Research Foundation recognize the breed from 1986 in the working dog category. From 1986 to 2001, ARF has registered under 700 Alapahas.This bulldog-type dog breed descends by Otto the Buck Lane's dog.I n 1943 Buck Lane was killed by a train and his granddaughter, Lana Lou Lane, continued the breeding program until her death on July 20th 2001. Later, Mrs. Vivian Lane sold her daughter's kennel.


Displaying an unexaggerated and well-developedl bulldog type. Descriptions of its size vary greatly, calling for males anywhere from 65 to 90 pounds (32 to 45 kg) standing 19 to 26 inches (48 to 73.5 cm) at the withers, females smaller at 60 to 70 pounds (22.5 to 41 cm). Ears and tail are natural, with no cropping or docking. Colors of the Alapaha are varied, typically white or different shades of black, grey, red, fawn, brindle, brown, buckskin, or mahogany, always with white markings; some dogs are piebald spotted.


The ABBB is described as trainable, dutiful, and responsible, with impressive capabilities as a guardian of family and property, but aggressive only in defense of these. Could be used as a guard-dog, watch-dog or pet-dog.

Bulldog Inglese di Razza Pura VS Standard di Razza

In questo articolo cercheremo di comprendere le ragioni che hanno portato alla continua diffusione di notizie incomplete o false riguardanti il Bulldog Inglese e la conseguente relazione molto ambigua che, attualmente, contrappone la Razza Pura, i diretti discendenti di Rosa, con quello che dovrebbe essere lo Standard di Razza che, incomprensibilmente, non descrive la Razza Originale del Lincolnshire alla quale dovrebbe appartenere. L' altro giorno ho partecipato ad una giornata di studio organizzata da illustri Ricercatori, famosi Docenti Universitari. Ritengo che non sara stato facile, per degli scienziati, comprendere le ragioni per le quali un Cane debba essere costituzionalmente malato, senza possibilita' di intervenire efficacemente tramite la Scienza Veterinaria, se non a livello diagnostico o sintomatico, per il fatto che questi errori o patologie sono previste, anzi, prescritte nello Standard di Razza. Ritengo importante, comunque, lavorare con l' obiettivo, minimo, iniziale, della divulgazione di informazioni per quanto possibile testate e veritiere. Vorrei continuare la discussione per cercare di comprendere le ragioni che hanno portato a questa situazione ed all' attuale Standard di Razza ( Luglio del 2008 ). Alcuni siti internet, ad esempio, affermano erroneamente che lo Standard di Razza del Bulldog Inglese sia rimasto quasi invariato dal 1860 ad oggi ( a mio giudizio invariato nella apparenza, non nella sostanza ). Questa affermazione, ad esempio, risulterebbe discutibile in rapporto con i risultati delle mie ricerche. Sappiamo che Rosa, raffigurata in un famoso dipinto, era parte integrante dello Standard. Rosa appare proporzionata, con ossa leggere, collo normale, il ventre retratto, la coda lunga, le orecchie portate verso l' alto e con una linea dorsale molto arquata, inoltre i miei studi, hanno permesso di studiare il suo bellissimo movimento apparentemente piu simile a quello di un Levriero che non a quello prescritto dallo Standard attuale. Quindi lo Standard attuale non rispecchia lo Standard Originale, ma risulta ben differente. Logicamente sembrerebbe, che, in dato momento alcune caratteristiche di Rosa siano diventati difetti, mentre alcuni errori compiuti nella Selezione da certi Allevatori, probabilmente considerati inevitabili, siano diventati pregi. Cerchiamo di capire come questo sia stato possibile. Le ipotesi possono essere due:

1) tutti gli Allevatori di Bulldog in Inghilterra allevavano quello che era considerato il Cane Migliore del Mondo, Cani perfetti come Rosa, bellissimi e senza problemi di Salute, ma, per ragioni inesplicabili, se non riconducibili all' Odio, alla Gelosia oppure alla Pazzia, a Londra i membri del Kennel Club stabilivano spontaneamente e volontariamente che il Cane Bulldog ideale dovesse essere un Cane Displasico, affetto da Sindrome Respiratoria Brachicefala, che non dovesse piu essere in grado di Riprodursi o di Partorire e che dovesse morire quasi sempre per morte accidentale, in perfette condizioni di Salute, con un qualsiasi sbalzo di Temperatura, per Colpo di Caldo. Stabilirono, ad esempio, che il movimento e la posizione degli arti posteriori per essere corretti dovessero essere tali da provocare insopportabili carichi sulle articolazioni dell' Anca e del Ginocchio. Quindi i Risultati nelle Esposizioni Canine seguirono le indicazioni del Kennel Club ed i pregi divennero difetti, mentre i difetti divennero pregi, costringendo gli Allevatori Inglesi a non essere Allevatori ed i Veterinari a non essere Veterinari, per Allevare, tra mille difficolta, un Cane, volutamente ed inspiegabilmente, malato.

2) NON tutti gli Allevatori di Bulldog in Inghilterra allevavano il Cane Migliore del Mondo, un gruppo di questi Allevatori molto influente a Londra, effettuarono, per varie ragioni, Selezioni errate, Per considerazioni squisitamente commerciali questi allevatori decisero di utilizzare la propria influenza per modificare i risultati nelle Esposizioni Canine e lo Standard di Razza. Gli altri Allevatori Inglese si ritrovarono con un Cane bellissimo, ma perdente nelle Esposizioni e sempre piu' lontano dallo Standard richiesto. Gli Allevatori influenti a Londra, quindi, per essere sicuri di avere la meglio sopra un Cane nettamente superiore trasformarono via via i pregi del Bulldog di Razza Pura in difetti da evitare. Essendo, il Bulldog Originale, invincibile dal punto di vista Morfologico e, quindi, della Qualita del Movimento, il Kennel Club venne costretto a valorizzare, nello Standard di Razza e nelle Esposizioni Canine, le dimensioni della Testa , mentre gli Arti diventavano necessariamente troppo corti per giustificare il giudizio limitato al Cane Immobile osservato frontalmente. Ad esempio, considerando che Rosa porta le Orecchie alte e che nell' ultima fotografia di un Bulldog Inglese Puro, 1910, le Orecchie sono a bottone, le Orecchie divennero esclusivamente a forma di Rosa, la coda presente nei due esemplari, lunga, divenne un difetto mentre quella a cavaturacciolo, causa di tanti problemi, che, seguendo il mio ragionamento, doveva essere assolutamente assente del Bulldog Inglese venne, invece, ammessa nello Standard. Il continuo svalorizzamento delle Qualita di Movimento possedute dal Bulldog Originale contrapposto alla eccessiva valorizzazione delle dimensioni della Testa portarono inevitabilmente alla selezione di Cani Displasici o con Sindrome Brachicefala. In conclusione, dai miei studi, risulterebbe che lo Standard di Razza del Bulldog Inglese sia stato notevolmente modificato nella sostanza piu' che nell' apparenza, dal 1860 ad oggi. Queste modifiche, sostanzialmente piu' che apparentemente, perseguirebbero l' obiettivo e, comunque, andrebbero inequivocabilmente nel senso di allontanare sempre piu' il Bulldog di Razza Pura o Lincolnshire Bulldog dallo Standard di Razza per avvantaggiare il Bulldog di Londra, tutto questo, per ragioni, apparentemente, di interesse personale o, comunque, definibili commerciali senza, infatti, conseguire obiettivi puramente cinofili. Di conseguenza il mio ragionamento induce a concludere che le variazione allo Standard di Razza furono causate dalle pressioni compiute da influenti Allevatori, i quali, consci di avere sbagliato la Selezione, decisero di rimediare ai propri errori non incrociando con i migliori Riproduttori, ma effettuando notevoli pressioni al livello delle Esposizioni Canine e dei Clubs per riuscire, in questa maniera, a mantenere la gestione commerciale della Razza Bulldog a discapito dei migliori Allevatori, dei Cani e degli Acquirenti, necessitando, infine, per mantenere questa situazione, la diffusione di notizie incomplete se non assolutamente false al livello dell' opinione comune. In questa maniera gli attori, gli ideatori delle false informazioni, sarebbero gli Allevatori influenti consci di avere errato la Selezione, i principali veicoli utilizzati dovrebbero essere i risultati delle Esposizioni Canine, mentre, per quanto riguarda le occultazioni di informazioni oppure quelle parziali o incomplete, in questa categoria potremmo includere le modifiche che vennero introdotte nello Standard di Razza Originale, i principali veicoli utilizzati dovrebbero essere i Clubs.


American Bulldog

Coal miners in the Staffordshire region crossed English Bulldogs with scrappy terriers and continued the gladitorial tradition in clandestine matches that are still going on today. From these Bulldog Terrier crosses we get the American Bulldog, the American Pit Bull Terrier, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the Bull Terrier.

There are two distinct strains of American Bulldogs, Classic (Johnson, Bully) and Standard (Scott, Performance) which is often mistaken for its second cousin, the American Pit Bull Terrier because of its appearance, and for its much smaller European relatives because of its name. The American Bulldog is different from any of these. The American Bulldog is massive in comparison to the French Bulldog or English Bulldog as it still resembles the Old English Bulldog and was never down bred to be a lap dog.

The Standard American Bulldog does resemble the pit bull-type breeds on many points, such as being muscular dogs that can be all white or white with patches. However, the pit bull's head is in the shape of a wedge coming to a more rounded point at the muzzle, whereas an American Bulldog's is box-shaped. The American Bulldog's ears are also typically uncropped, and its head is heavier and a little bulkier. Another major difference is size, with the American Bulldog generally being much larger than a purebred American Pitbull Terrier (which according to the UKC standard should only weigh 30 - 60 pounds).

The two types differ temperamentally as well as physically. The Johnson dogs are descendants of the plantation Bulldogs that were kept as yard dogs in the old south. They are typically more territorial, more man aggressive, in short more of a guardian. The athletic Scott strain descended from hog and cattle catch dogs. They were and still are used to catch wild hogs and cattle that have strayed into brush so thick that a man on horse back would find it impenetrable. This type of work requires extreme physical prowess. For this reason the smaller strain is called Performance

The American Bulldog is a powerful, athletic short-coated dog, strongly muscled, and well boned. American Bulldogs generates the impression of great strength, endurance and exhibits a well-knit, sturdy compact frame. The American Bulldog should be evaluated as a working dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dogs ability to work.

Males 22-27 inches; Females 20-25 inches

Males 75-125 lbs; Female 60-100

All white, pied, or up to 90% color; brindle or red patches (red is defined as any shade of tan, brown.

The coat is short, close, and stiff to the touch.

An American Bulldog is typically a happy, friendly, and assertive dog that is at ease with its family and fine with strangers as they get to know the stranger in question. They are quite fond of children but sometimes do not know their own strength, thus, as with all dogs, they should be supervised with small children. They bond strongly with their master and family but, because of strong guarding instincts and a somewhat dominant attitude, they need a firm but fair hand; they should be socialized and obedience trained early to expose them to other dogs and people and to ensure that they can be controlled around company as they get older and larger.

Remember, they are working dogs with high energy drives. They need room to expend their energy, and so American Bulldogs do best in a home with a backyard and preferably a "job" to do. A tired well worked bulldog is a happy bulldog. They are not always well behaved towards cats and smaller pets, but correct socialization at an early age can greatly increase the chances of them accepting these animals. This behavior is a reflection of a breed trait called prey drive. High prey drive is a desirable trait in an American Bulldog. A well bred American Bulldog is a catch dog of large herbivores. They can be stubborn with training though once they are trained they tend to obey their masters faithfully. American bulldog puppies can be relatively difficult to housebreak, but it is important to be persistent.

Care and Exercise:
Brush coat with a firm bristle brush or rubber mitt and bathe only when necessary. Puppies should have early socialization.

Health Issues:
A very healthy, hardy dog. Some strains have hip dysplasia.

Rare, Working

Australian Bulldog - Aussie Bulldog


Country of Origin: Australia


Breed Status: The Australian Bulldog is, as of yet, unrecognized by any national kennel clubs, but does have its own national breed club in Australia. Distribution: The Australian Bulldog is, as of the time of this writing, rare outside of Australia, but can be found in slight numbers in Tahiti, Guam, and the continental United States.

Etymology: The Australian Bulldog takes its name from its country of origin.

Other Names: Aussie Bulldog

Breed History: While some sources state that the Australian Bulldog was created in an effort to create a healthier breed of bulldog, this is not quite how things occurred. The very first breeding occurred out of simple curiosity and only later was the goal of a healthier bulldog strived for. During the early 1990s Pip Nobes crossed a male British Bulldog to her husband, Keith’s, pig dog and planned to put another British over the offspring. It was only after she owned two British Bulldogs who had major health problems (these dogs were not bred from) that the focus started to move from curiosity to a motivation to breed a healthier bulldog. She continued to put another British Bulldog over the original progeny and it was around this time that she came into contact with Noel Green, who besides breeding dogs for the purpose of pig hunting, was also in the business of buying and selling dogs. The third British Bulldog she used, Maxlyn Hercules Wrath or Boris, was mated to not only Mrs. Nobes’ dogs, but also over Mr. Green’s quarter British Bulldog pig dog Dish. All the original lines came from three lines of Mrs. Nobes (Penny – pig dog, Chip – boxer/bulldog, Soda – pig dog) and the one line of Mr. Green (Dish – pig dog and her daughter Miss Margarita by Boris). A word here about the use of pig dog bitches here for anybody throwing their hands up in horror – keep in mind successful pig dogs are extremely healthy, if they are not able to work they are no good and will not be tolerated by pig dog breeders for work or breeding. They have to be able to run with other dogs and therefore any dogs prone to constantly fighting each other are not tolerated and they have to be extremely loyal to their owners. All valuable traits in anyone’s language. Pig dogs are mixed breed dogs incorporating all sorts of breeds used for the purpose of hunting feral pigs. At that time Mrs. Nobes read a chapter on the Olde English Bulldogge breeding program written by Carl Semencic, and this enhanced the motivation to breed a healthy bulldog. So the ‘Aussie Bulldog’, a name suggested by Mr. Green, was originally based upon majority blood of the British Bulldog with the large input being from Boxer, Bullmastiff and English Bull Terrier with insignificant portions of other breeds through the pig dogs and further Bullmastiff being added a little later. The original Aussie Bulldog breed record was first begun in May 1997 by Mrs. Nobes and contained the lines from both breeders, Mr. Green and Mrs. Nobes. In June 1999 however the original register was split, mainly over the basis of incorporating American Bulldog blood. In 2001 Mr. Green sold all his Aussie Bulldogs and records to Mr. Joe Cauchi who was breeding with American Bulldogs. (He later started breeding Aussies again and keeping records via his advertising website UABA). Mrs. Nobes, not including American Bulldog blood into her lines, started using the more formal name of ‘Australian Bulldog’. In October 2004, a foundation group formed the Australian Bulldog Society Inc., a properly constituted incorporated organization, and open to enthusiasts of all lines of this new breed. - see also History on www.australianbulldogs.com Appearance: The Australian Bulldog is a thickset, medium sized breed whose health is more important than its appearance. Males stand from 17 to 19 inches (43.18 to 48.26 cm) tall and weigh from 61.73 to 77.16 pounds (28 to 35 kg). Females stand from 16 to 19 inches (40.64 to 48.26 cm) and weigh from 52.91 to 66.14 pounds (24 to 30 kg). The head is large while still being proportional to the body. The muzzle is broad and while short, remains long enough to not interfere with breathing. The skin across the nose forms loose folds but is not excessively wrinkled. The Australian Bulldog may possess a bite that ranges from level to undershot. The low-set eyes are wide and may be of any color, although blue eyes are considered undesirable. The small to moderate sized ears are wide-set and may be either rose or button. The moderate length neck is thick and deep. Loose skin forms a small dewlap on both sides of the neck. The chest is broad and deep. The ribs are well sprung and deep. The back is short and straight. The forelegs are wide set but still under the body and straight. The hindquarters are muscular. The feet are round and compact. The tail is high-set, thick at the root, and slightly rounds down. A long or short straight tail, crank tail or pump-handle tail is acceptable, as is a screw tail, although a tight screw tail is undesirable. The coat is short, smooth, and tight to the body. The Australian Bulldog may occur in any brindle, solid white, pied, solid red, fawn, or fallow. Personality and Uses: The Australian Bulldog has been used solely as a calm breed of companion. This is due not only to their healthy nature but also because of their loyal and affectionate disposition. The Australian Bulldog is a breed that needs human attention to stay happy. While the breed loves activity, it is just as happy relaxing. Individuals within the breed may get into the occasional fight with strange dogs. The Australian Bulldog can never be considered as a guard dog because of their friendly nature, it is said that they would be likely to wag their tails in joy as burglars enter their home. The breed is not known for wandering.


American Bulldog

The American Bulldog is an athletic, temperamentally sound medium to large sized dog that possesses great strength, agility and confidence. The expression should reflect intelligence and alertness. The sturdy and powerful yet compact frame is characteristically stockier and heavier boned in the males and more refined in the females. Some aloofness with strangers and assertiveness towards other dogs is accepted. However, an American Bulldog should not be excessively timid, shy or aggressive towards man and preferably not overly aggressive with other dogs. Due to its distinctive physical and mental characteristics along with its natural desire to be the total companion and working dog, an American Bulldog should never be confused with uniquely different breeds such as the American Staffordshire Terrier or the American Pit Bull Terrier.

Size-General: Males should range from 24 to 27 inches at the withers and weigh between 90 and 110 pounds. Females should range from 22 to 25 inches at the withers and weigh between 70 and 90 pounds. Weight should be proportional to height and body type. A dog should be well conditioned and not overweight or underweight. Standard: A leaner and more athletic dog in appearance. Classic: A larger and more powerful dog in appearance.

Color: Solid or varying degrees of white, all shades of brindle, brown, red, or tan are acceptable. Solid black, black and tan, and/or any degree of merle is unacceptable. A full black mask is not acceptable. **Merle is a dilution of overall body color (black or red) with splotches of darker color giving the effect of "merling" or "marbling" not to be confused with Brindle that gives the effect of "striping". Coat: Short, less than one inch in length varying from soft to stiff. Long, feathering, or fuzzy coats are unacceptable.

Head: The head should be relatively large and broad in proportion to the size and overall structure of the dog. It should be flat on top giving a squared appearance. There is a defined furrow between the eyes with a distinct, deep stop. The head is well-muscled throughout with prominent cheeks. An excessively narrow head is unacceptable in both types. Standard: Generally box shaped to wedge in appearance with a slightly shallower stop and less wrinkles. Classic: Generally box shaped to round in appearance with a more definitive stop and heavier wrinkles.

Eyes: The eyes should be round or almond shape, medium sized, and wide set. Black or dark brown is the preferred color. Other colors are accepted. Black eye rim pigment preferred. Crossed and/or nonsymmetrical eyes are unacceptable.

Muzzle: The muzzle should be relatively broad and square. The large jaws are well-muscled, displaying great strength. Lips are full but not pendulous. Black pigment lining lips preferred. An excessively narrow muzzle is unacceptable in both types. Standard: muzzle should be 30% to 40% of the overall length of head. Classic: muzzle should be 25% to 35% of the overall length of head. Teeth: The teeth should number 42 to 44 and large in size is preferred. Working dogs should not be penalized for broken teeth. Should medical removal of teeth be needed, documentation and verification by a veterinarian is requested. Bite: Standard: Reverse scissors is preferred. Moderate underbite, scissors or even bite is acceptable. Classic: Undershot 1/4 to ? inch preferred. Even bite is not preferred. Scissors bite is unacceptable. Both types: Teeth should not be visible when the mouth is closed.

Bulldog Angie

L' Estinzione del Bulldog Inglese

Premetto che questa è un' analisi storica ed in quanto tale cerca di essere aderente ai fatti.Premetto che, con ogni probabilità, l' unico che conosce realmente la Storia dell' Original Pure Breed Bulldog sia il grandissimo Mr. Les Thorpe e che le mie sono, comunque, solo supposizioni. Tra i fattori che potrebbero averne causato l' estinzione, a mio avviso, possiamo ravvisare: la persecuzione scatenata nei suoi confronti durante il 19? secolo, le oggettive difficolt? prodotte dal suo allevamento, le richieste del mercato di bulldog ipertipici,la necessit? di ottenere un maggior numero di cuccioli, anche se non purissimi. Purtroppo anche in questo caso le informazioni che giungono sopra il Bulldog Inglese sono piuttosto contradditorie. Pi? profondamente non credo che movimenti di opinione sicuramente circoscritti riguardanti la eccessiva aggressivit? del Bulldog ( la tendenza a colpire la faccia, ad attaccare altri cani e la sua nota abilit? nel prendere e uccidere i gatti, anche quelli del vicino di casa ), oppure le sue antiche origine asiatiche ( fermenti nazionalisti di fine '800), possano giustificarne la scomparsa anche perchè il Bulldog Classico del 20? secolo cerca , senza riuscirci, di colpire in faccia, cerca, senza riuscirci, di prendere il gatto, e spesso il maschio ? litigioso con altri maschi. Inoltre il Bulldog, osservando i dipinti dell' epoca, non sembra un cane di per s? incontrollabile o troppo aggressivo, ad esempio quando non ? raffigurato con l'uomo. Infatti, in molti disegni dei combattimenti possiamo notare che l'uomo ? il vero protagonista, con la sua eccitazione, del dipinto e del combattimento. Era quindi necessario portare il Bulldog in uno stato di eccitazione assolutamente esasperata per costringerlo a combattere. Il Bulldog, di conseguenza, non doveva essere un cane cattivo, insensibile o incontrollabile, anzi..., però doveva essere facilmente eccitabile e soprattutto doveva essere molto sensibile alla eccitazione del suo padrone. Quindi non direi che ci sia stato un reale sforzo di trasformazione dell' Original Purebred Bulldog da parte degli eccezionali Allevatori Inglesi, che, di solito , raggiungono rapidamente e scientificamente i loro obiettivi. Invece, il Bulldog era classificato come razza da combattimento fino a pochissimi anni or sono. Effettuando una ipotesi molto personale possiamo dire, per certo, che nel 1835 divennero illegali i combattimenti e che l' evoluzione della razza verso un cane sempre pi? performante sub? una brusca interruzione. Sappiamo che Philo Kuon preoccupato per questa rapida involuzione, anche numerica, cerc? di fissare le caratteristiche del Bulldog Originale di Razza Pura utilizzando due famosi dipinti antecedenti il 1835. Sappiamo, inoltre, che, al contrario, il Bulldog era un cane leggendario e che era richiesto in tutto il mondo proprio per la sua abilit? nel combattimento e nel lavoro, a tal punto che formando nuove razze, per essere sicuri del risultato veniva quasi sempre introdotto il migliore sangue Bulldog, come ad esempio nel Boxer. A questo punto risulta pi? plausibile cercare di comprendere le ragioni che portarono, in una tale situazione di mercato, con intense esportazioni, a rimanere, infine, con pochi Riproduttori di valore ( questi non dovevano pi? superare il probante esame del combattimento dove veniva realmente misurata la capacit? di performance così come le medicine introdotte da Philo Kuon: lo Standard di Razza, le Esposizioni Canine e i Giudizi dei Giudici, troppo mutevoli, inadeguate o addirittura inattuabili, si rivelarono, invece, una lama a doppio taglio ) e, soprattutto, ad avere troppo poche femmine che assomigliassero a Rosa. In questa condizione critica potrebbe, a mio giudizio, essersi reso necessario, utilizzare altre fattrici, meno pure oppure di Carlino, Dogue de Bordeuax o Mastiff non con l'obiettivo di trasformare l' antico combattente ( considerato il migliore cane del mondo ), ma al contrario nel tentativo di modificarlo il meno possibile riuscendo a produrre un numero adeguato di cuccioli. Anche per questa per tendenza, a mio avviso, degli abilissimi Allevatori Inglesi il Bulldog Classico non ? cos? differente dal Bulldog Originale come sembrerebbe, nonostante siano passati due secoli. Riassumendo: questa ipotesi di ragionamento individua nel mercato dei Riproduttori e , soprattutto, nelle Esposizioni Canine le principali cause della apparente scomparsa dell' Original Pure Breed Bulldog. Le ipotesi sul perch? e sul per come potrebbero essere infinite, per?, l' unico dato storicamente accertabile, purtroppo, è che dopo 700 anni di Storia con combattimenti, invasioni barbariche, carestie, guerre e malattie furono sufficienti 20 anni di Esposizioni Canine, durante i quali non ci furono n? guerre e n? malattie, per determinarne la estinzione. Magari a Londra qualcuno voleva sottolineare il potere della capitale sul resto dell' Impero, oppure si resero semplicemente conto che il Bulldog rappresentava un ottimo business, ma avendo gi? venduto i riproduttori di qualità e le fattrici simili a Rosa, non rinunciarono al facile guadagno, a discapito degli allevatori delle contee rurali e dei cinofili, strumentalizzando le Esposizioni Canine e lo Standard di Razza, introducendo rapidamente quello che definirei il Bulldog di Londra, esteticamente un bellissimo cane( teoricamente avrebbe dovuto essere nei limiti del possibile assomigliante al Bulldog Originale, per batterlo in Esposizione senza destare sospetti, e, poi, modificare lievemente lo Standard, ma i due cani diventavano sempre più diversi), però era un Bulldog sostitutivo, con un futuro incerto, frutto di una selezione improvvisata o forzatamente affrettata, in definitiva, non abbastanza testato ( perchè dar credito ad un cane poco testato se si possiede il cane più testato del mondo? ), e con un carattere simile. Non a caso il Bulldog di Londra si è vantato fino a pochi anni fa di essere l'unico cane ad avere mantenuto lo stesso spirito e coraggio del Bulldog Originale. Quest' ultimo, battuto e offeso( le Esposizione Canine sancirono la ineluttabile vittoria del Bulldog di Londra e conclusero la Storia del Cane Migliore del Mondo per il quale le stesse erano state create, unitamente allo Standard di Razza), dalla sua stessa brutta copia, essendo colpevole di appartenere agli allevatori delle contee rurali o a qualche cinofilo, si rifugiò nel Lincolnshire ( una regione pianeggiante e molto ventilata), dove la Tradizione ne garantiva la sopravvivenza, dove era incominciata la sua lunga Storia, nel 13° secolo, lontano da Londra, dal Business e dalle Esposizioni Canine.