Aberrant cilia: eyelashes growing abnormally,
such as rubbing against the eyeball.
Abnormal dentition: abnormal placement,
number and development of teeth.
Acne: same thing as in humans, affects the
muzzle and lip areas.
Arteriovenous fistula: an abnormal connection
that forms between arteries and veins.
Cataract: as in humans, a change in structure
of the lens of the eye leading to cloudiness and usually
Cleft lip: a condition where the two halves
of the upper lip do not join together. Cleft palate and
cleft lip are often seen together.
Cleft palate: a condition where the roof of
the mouth is not closed and the inside of the nose opens
into the mouth.
Demodicosis: a kind of skin disease (mange)
caused by microscopic Demodex canis mites living
within the skin layers and producing an immunodeficiency
Distichiasis: abnormally growing eyelashes.
Dystocia: complications of the birth process
Ectropion: an abnormal rolling out of the
Elongated soft palate: the soft palate is
abnormally long and causes breathing disorders.
Entropion: an abnormal rolling in of the
Facial fold dermatitis: an infection of the
facial skin caused by unusual or excessive skin folds
(seen in dogs such as the Pekingese or Chinese shar pei).
Folliculitis: an infection of the hair follicles.
Furunculosis: an infection of the deeper
structures of the skin.
Hemivertebra: a particular kind of malformation
of the vertebra where only half of the structure is formed.
Hip dysplasia: a developmental malformation
or subluxation of the hip joints.
Hydrocephalus: a condition where there is
an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the ventricles of
Hypoplasia of trachea: a trachea that fails
to develop fully.
Hypothyroidism: a common endocrine disease
where the body produces an abnormally low amount of thyroid
hormones. An autoimmune destruction of the thyroid gland
which affects more than 50 dog breeds.
Keratitis sicca: a condition where one or
both eyes do not produce a normal amount or type of tears.
Mitral valve defects: a group of abnormalities
of the mitral valve of the heart.
Muzzle pyoderma: an infectious skin disease
on the muzzle of an animal.
Oligodendroglioma: a cancer arising from
a type of cell found in the brain and spinal cord.
Perianal gland tumor.
Persistent pupillary membrane: a developmental
abnormality where the membrane forming the iris does not
Phosphofructokinase deficiency: a deficiency
of a specific red blood cell enzyme in English springer
spaniels. Causes chronic anemia, exercise-induced acute
hemolytic crises and enlarged spleen.
Pulmonic stenosis: a condition where one
of the valves of the heart does not open properly.
Pyloric stenosis: a condition where the opening
leading from the stomach does not function properly.
Short skull: a skull that is abnormally short
for the breed in question.
Short tail: a tail that is abnormally short
for the breed in question.
Spina bifida: a developmental abnormality
where some vertebra are malformed thereby exposing the
Tail fold dermatitis: a skin infection caused
by abnormal tissue folds around the tail.
Vaginal hyperplasia: an overgrowth of tissues
of the vagina.
von Willebrand's disease: a type of bleeding
disorder caused by defective blood platelet function.
Occurs in 59 dog breeds but most often in Doberman pinschers.
An autosomal trait affecting both sexes.
Il College Americano degli Oftalmologi Veterinari ha riportato come patologie
oculari supposte di natura ereditaria nel Bulldog Inglese, la distichiasi, le
ciglia ectopiche, l’ectropion, l’entropion, il prolasso della ghiandola della terza palpebra,
la cheratocongiuntivite secca, la cataratta e la displasia retinica..